Bots.Business - Help
Ask or search…
K

Webhooks lib

Integration with external services can be possible with webhooks notifications. This lib generate url for webhooks.

Example bot

From wikipedia: a webhook is a method of augmenting or altering the behavior of bot, with custom callbacks.
These callbacks may be maintained, modified, and managed by third-party users and developers who may not necessarily be affiliated with the originating website or application.
The term "webhook" was coined by Jeff Lindsay in 2007 from the computer programming term hook.
Webhooks is more simple way for integration. Other libs also use webhooks notifications already: CoinPayments, FreeKassa.

Get Webhook Url

// user's webhook
let webhookUrl = Libs.Webhooks.getUrlFor({
// this command will be runned on webhook
command: "/onWebhook",
// this text will be passed to command
content: "Did you see the cat?",
// execute for this (current) user
user_id: user.id,
// redirect to page with cat after calling webhook
// you need remove this for external service
redirect_to: "https://cataas.com/cat"
})
Bot.inspect(webhookUrl);
This code will generate Webhook url.
After loading page via this url:
  • web page with cat will be loaded (Thank for cat to https://cataas.com)
  • command /onWebhook will be execute on Bot for user with user.id
  • content "Did you see the cat?" will be passed for command /onWebhook

Receive webhook for user

As a rule, the webhook URL must be set from the admin panel on the external service. So we can not set it for just one user:
// global bot webhook
let webhookUrl = Libs.Webhooks.getUrlFor({
// this command will be runned on webhook
command: "/onWebhook",
user_id: user.id
})
Webhooks can be with GET and POST methods only. All passed data contains on content variable
On command /onWebhook we can get posted content from external service
// for user's webhook
Bot.sendMessage(inspect(content))
// also you can read data with Bot.getProperty - you need store it before
As a rule, external service must pass useful data on webhook. For example info about payments: order_id, user_id. Use it!

Receive global webhook for bot

On command /onWebhook for bot's webhook we do not have user:
// for bot's webhook
// this is not worked - because no current user on bot's webhook
// Bot.sendMessage(inspect(content))
// make any not specific user code
// ...
// We can pass user_id in content (it is depend from external service)
Bot.run({
command: "/userCommand",
user_id: JSON.parse(content).user_id
})
// in /userCommand we can now use Bot.sendMessage function

Call options

You can use options on BJS on webhook request
/onWebhook command:
Bot.sendMessage(
JSON.stringify(options)
);
Key
Value
options.url
webhook url
options.method
request method ("GET" or "POST")
options.params
request params
options.headers
headers for this request like Ip, User-Agent, Accept-Language and etc
options.ip
client IP

Webhook response

Content response

// call user's webhook
// first message sending appears on bot
Bot.sendMessage("This answer will be in bot");
//...
// last message sending
// will be on bot and on web page
// you can open this web page on your browser via webhook url
Bot.sendMessage("Hello in browser!");
// in web page you will have:
// { answer: "Hello in browser!" }

Code response

Webhook response can be:
  • 200 - BJS is runned, no errors
  • 503 - we have errors in BJS
you can throw error in BJS:
throw new Error("Error on webhook")

Possible issues

In the case of a large number of requests from an external web service, such a web service may be subject to ban filters.
Please provide an external IP address and we will add it to the White List.